The Colonial Gem of Sri Lanka

Galle, a historic city on the southwestern coast of Sri Lanka, is renowned for its well-preserved colonial architecture and rich cultural heritage. The city’s centerpiece, the Galle Fort, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that offers a fascinating blend of European influence and local charm. With its scenic beaches, vibrant markets, and numerous historical landmarks, Galle is a must-visit destination for anyone exploring Sri Lanka.

Things to Do

Explore Galle Fort

  • Historical Significance: Built by the Portuguese in the 16th century and later fortified by the Dutch, Galle Fort is a living museum of colonial architecture and history. Walk along the ramparts to get a sense of the fort’s strategic importance and enjoy panoramic views of the Indian Ocean.
  • Architectural Highlights: Wander through narrow streets lined with colonial-era buildings, including the Dutch Reformed Church, the Old Dutch Hospital, and the Galle Lighthouse. These structures showcase a unique blend of European architectural styles and local craftsmanship.
  • Museums and Galleries: Visit the National Maritime Museum to learn about Galle’s maritime history and the Galle Fort Historical Mansion Museum, which houses a private collection of artifacts and antiques.

Relax at Unawatuna Beach

  • Scenic Beauty: Just a short drive from Galle, Unawatuna Beach is one of Sri Lanka’s most beautiful and popular beaches. Its golden sands, clear waters, and swaying palm trees make it an ideal spot for relaxation and sunbathing.
  • Water Activities: Enjoy a range of water sports, including snorkeling, diving, and surfing. The coral reefs off the coast are home to vibrant marine life, making it a great destination for underwater exploration.

Visit the Japanese Peace Pagoda

  • Spiritual Retreat: Located on a hilltop overlooking Unawatuna, the Japanese Peace Pagoda is a serene and tranquil spot for meditation and reflection. The white stupa was built by Japanese monks as a symbol of peace and harmony.
  • Scenic Views: The pagoda offers stunning panoramic views of the coastline and the surrounding area, especially beautiful during sunrise and sunset.

Discover the Galle National Museum

  • Cultural Artifacts: Housed in a 17th-century Dutch building, the Galle National Museum features exhibits on the region’s history, culture, and traditional crafts. The museum’s collection includes ancient carvings, masks, and weaponry.
  • Educational Displays: Interactive displays and informative panels provide insights into the daily life and traditions of the people who lived in Galle during different historical periods.

Shop at the Galle Fort Market

  • Local Crafts and Souvenirs: The Galle Fort Market is a bustling hub of activity, offering a wide range of locally made crafts, jewelry, textiles, and souvenirs. It’s a great place to find unique gifts and mementos of your trip.
  • Fresh Produce and Spices: Browse the market’s fresh produce stalls, where you can buy tropical fruits, vegetables, and aromatic spices. The vibrant colors and fragrant scents make for a sensory delight.


Explore the Rumassala Sanctuary

  • Biodiversity Hotspot: Rumassala is a biodiversity hotspot known for its rich flora and fauna. The sanctuary’s lush vegetation and scenic trails offer opportunities for hiking and bird watching.
  • Historical Legends: According to local legend, Rumassala is linked to the Ramayana epic and is believed to be the spot where Hanuman dropped a piece of the Himalayas. Explore the area to learn more about its mythical significance.

Visit the Martin Wickramasinghe Folk Museum

  • Cultural Heritage: Located in the village of Koggala, the Martin Wickramasinghe Folk Museum is dedicated to the life and work of one of Sri Lanka’s most celebrated authors. The museum showcases traditional Sri Lankan village life, with exhibits on local crafts, agriculture, and folk arts.
  • Traditional House: Explore the traditional Sri Lankan house where Martin Wickramasinghe was born, preserved as it was during his lifetime.

Dine at Local Restaurants

  • Seafood Delights: Galle is famous for its fresh seafood. Enjoy delicious seafood dishes at local restaurants, ranging from casual beachside cafes to upscale dining establishments. Must-try dishes include grilled fish, prawn curry, and seafood platters.
  • Fusion Cuisine: Experience the fusion of local and international flavors at the many eateries within Galle Fort. From traditional Sri Lankan rice and curry to contemporary fusion dishes, the culinary scene in Galle offers something for every palate.

Attend the Galle Literary Festival

  • Cultural Event: If you visit Galle in January, you can attend the Galle Literary Festival, one of the most prestigious literary events in South Asia. The festival features a lineup of renowned authors, poets, and artists who participate in readings, discussions, and workshops.
  • Interactive Sessions: Engage in interactive sessions and book signings with your favorite writers, and enjoy the lively atmosphere of this cultural celebration.

Take a Boat Ride on Koggala Lake

  • Scenic Cruise: Explore the serene waters of Koggala Lake on a boat ride, passing through lush mangrove forests and spotting various bird species. The lake is dotted with small islands, each with its own unique attractions.
  • Island Visits: Visit Cinnamon Island to learn about cinnamon cultivation, or explore Madol Duwa, an island made famous by a popular Sri Lankan novel.

Explore the Handunugoda Tea Estate

  • Tea Tasting: Visit the Handunugoda Tea Estate, also known as the Virgin White Tea Plantation, located a short drive from Galle. Take a guided tour of the estate to learn about the tea production process and enjoy a tea tasting session.
  • Scenic Views: The estate offers beautiful views of the rolling tea fields and surrounding countryside, providing a picturesque backdrop for your visit.

Visit the Historical Mansion Museum

  • Antique Collection: The Historical Mansion Museum, located within Galle Fort, is a privately-owned museum showcasing an impressive collection of antiques and artifacts. Explore the diverse exhibits, including jewelry, coins, maps, and pottery.
  • Cultural Insights: The museum provides a fascinating glimpse into the history and culture of Galle, with many of the items on display reflecting the city’s colonial past.

Enjoy a Spa Day

  • Relaxation and Wellness: Indulge in a day of relaxation and wellness at one of Galle’s many spas. Experience traditional Ayurvedic treatments, massages, and rejuvenating therapies designed to refresh your body and mind.
  • Scenic Settings: Many spas in Galle are set in beautiful, tranquil surroundings, offering a serene environment for your wellness experience.

Visit the All Saints’ Church

  • Architectural Beauty: The All Saints’ Church, an Anglican church within Galle Fort, is a stunning example of Gothic architecture. The church’s stained glass windows, wooden pews, and intricate stone carvings make it a noteworthy landmark.
  • Historical Significance: Built in the 19th century, the church has a rich history and continues to serve as a place of worship and community gathering.


Experience Nightlife in Galle

  • Evening Entertainment: Galle offers a variety of nightlife options, from lively bars and beach clubs to cozy cafes and restaurants. Enjoy live music, dance performances, and cultural shows as you unwind after a day of exploration.

  • Beach Parties: Join a beach party or enjoy a quiet evening by the sea, soaking in the relaxed and vibrant atmosphere of Galle’s coastal nightlife.

Explore the Old Dutch Hospital

  • Historic Landmark: The Old Dutch Hospital, a colonial-era building within Galle Fort, has been beautifully restored and transformed into a vibrant shopping and dining complex. The building’s architecture reflects its historical significance and adds to the charm of the area.
  • Shops and Restaurants: Browse the boutique shops for unique gifts and souvenirs, and enjoy a meal or a drink at one of the many restaurants and cafes offering a range of local and international cuisine.

Take a Whale Watching Tour

  • Marine Adventure: Embark on a whale watching tour from the nearby town of Mirissa, located about 45 minutes from Galle. The waters off the coast of southern Sri Lanka are home to blue whales, sperm whales, and dolphins, offering a thrilling marine adventure.
  • Expert Guides: Join a guided tour with experienced operators who provide informative commentary and ensure a responsible and respectful approach to marine wildlife viewing.

Visit the Meera Mosque

  • Cultural Heritage: The Meera Mosque, located within Galle Fort, is an important religious site for the local Muslim community. The mosque’s architecture combines elements of Islamic and colonial design, reflecting Galle’s diverse cultural heritage.
  • Peaceful Atmosphere: Visitors are welcome to explore the mosque and experience its peaceful atmosphere. Please remember to dress modestly and respect local customs when visiting religious sites.

Explore the Dutch Reformed Church

  • Historic Church: The Dutch Reformed Church, also known as Groote Kerk, is one of the oldest Protestant churches in Sri Lanka. Built in 1755, the church features beautiful wooden pews, a distinctive pulpit, and historic tombstones.

  • Cultural Significance: The church is a testament to Galle’s colonial history and remains an active place of worship. It also houses a small museum with historical artifacts.


Visit the Mahamodara Sea Turtle Hatchery

  • Conservation Efforts: Located near Galle, the Mahamodara Sea Turtle Hatchery is dedicated to the conservation and protection of sea turtles. Learn about the hatchery’s efforts to rescue and rehabilitate injured turtles and release hatchlings into the ocean.
  • Educational Tour: Take an educational tour of the hatchery to see baby turtles and learn about the different species of sea turtles found in Sri Lanka.

Practical Tips for Visiting Galle

Best Time to Visit: The best time to visit Galle is during the dry season, from December to April, when the weather is most favorable for outdoor activities and sightseeing.

Transportation: Galle is easily accessible by road and rail. The scenic train ride from Colombo to Galle is a popular option, offering beautiful coastal views along the way.
Accommodation: Galle offers a range of accommodation options, from budget guesthouses to luxury boutique hotels. Staying within Galle Fort provides easy access to major attractions and a charming, historic atmosphere.


Galle is a destination that seamlessly blends history, culture, and natural beauty. Whether you’re exploring the historic fort, relaxing on pristine beaches, or immersing yourself in local traditions, Galle promises a memorable and enriching travel experience. Plan your visit to this colonial gem and discover the many treasures of Sri Lanka’s southwestern coast.